The north coast of Newfoundland is in Eastern Canada. Here is Bonavista Bay with the Terra Nova National Park. A unique protected area with an area of 400 square kilometers. The area became official in 1957 National park appointed. This distinguishes it as the first national park in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. If you want to travel to the next larger town, you have to go to Port Blandford.
The area is intended to protect the nature of the Atlantic highland areas and the boreal forests. Numerous animals live here in the wetlands, ponds and rain bogs. Among other things, snowshoe hares, moose, American mink and even feel here European Squirrel probably.
The beautiful landscape was formed by glaciers and features dense forests. The region of the Terra Nova National Park is crossed by rivers and has many caves. The coastal region of the ancient ocean offers a sight here with steep rocks and harsh areas.
The area of the Terra Nova National Park is ideal for hiking. Also there are guided tours with guides available, which can be in the national park in appropriate places many facts about animals, landscapes and life.
On a tour of the park, visitors can encounter herds of caribou, moose, nimble foxes and bears, among other things. In the forest areas, the deer species strut around with their impressive antlers. Whales and some sea lions are also common along the coastal areas.
The flocks of birds consist mainly of songbird species and some water bird species.
Flora in the Terra Nova National Park
The conifer is predominant in the boreal forests. Different species of these impressive evergreen trees can be found here. They get along best with the relatively nutrient-poor soil. The low temperatures and the changing climate create optimal conditions for conifers.
In some, protected, places you can even find dense deciduous forests. In particular, moss, wilderness flowers and the famous Labrador tea grow in the moist soil regions of the park.
Forces of nature
Scientists have found that about 10,000 years ago, huge ice caps cut through the landscape and shaped it in this way. The steep bays, caves and streams with fresh water basins were created at that time by these forces of nature. But you can still witness these mighty natural spectacles today. The Labrador Current moves huge icebergs and blocks of ice towards the Atlantic coast between March and July.
These ice formations can be up to 20 meters high and about 400 of these wandering icebergs survive their journey. You cover a distance of 2,000 kilometers and swim from Greenland to Newfoundland. This is one of the most impressive natural spectacles in the Arctic, perhaps even one of the largest in the world.
Probably the most famous iceberg was rammed by the Titanic in the area of the Newfoundland coast in 1912.
History of the area
Relics and remains of the Archaic Indians and the Paleo were found during archaeological excavations. The Dorest Eskimos, also a native people, lived in this region. The first of them populated this area probably as early as 5,000 years ago. Today it is believed that John Cabot was the first European to reach the coast at Cape Bonavista in 1497. Much later, namely around 1728, the first European settlers established themselves.