The province of New Brunswick is located in the southeastern part of the country on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is the largest of the “seaside” provinces of Canada.. New Brunswick is the only province to have two official languages, English and French, by constitution. From the northeast it is washed by the waters of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and from the south – by the waters of the Bay of Fundy, which is known for the highest tides in the world. To the east, the Northumberland Strait separates New Brunswick from Prince Edward Island. In the southeast, the province is connected to the Nova Scotia peninsula by the narrow isthmus of Chignecto. 80% of New Brunswick is forested. In the northwestern part of the province, the Appalachian spurs extend, reaching heights of up to 800 m. The central and southern regions are occupied by plains and lowlands, the southeastern ones have a hilly relief. The largest rivers in the province are the Saint John and the Petitkodiak. The indigenous people are the Mi’kmaq Indians, as well as the Abenaki and the Beothuk.
According to Health-Beauty-Guides, the provincial capital – the city of Fredericton – is located at the confluence of the Saint John River, its tributary, the Nashwaak River. The Saint John River divides Fredericton into northern and southern parts. Administrative and historical buildings, banks and offices are concentrated in the southern part of the city. Here you can see numerous buildings of the Victorian era, the building of the Legislative Assembly and the Cathedral of Jesus Christ. In the south part of the city is the Beaverbrook Art Gallery, which was founded in 1958 by Lord Beaverbook as a gift to the city where he spent his childhood. Also built in 1964 by Lord Beaverbook in Fredericton Playhouse Concert Hall. The Playhouse stage hosts concerts by both Canadian and foreign artists, as well as the main stage of the largest theater in the province – the New Brunswick Theater. In the center of Fredericton is Officers Square, where a variety of festivals and concerts are held in the summer. In winter, a skating rink begins to operate on the square. Not far from here, O’Dell Park was laid out on a city hill in the mid-20th century. Also popular Fredericton recreation areas are Wilmot Park and Kilarney Lake Park. In the northern part of the city, the district of St. Mary is interesting, where the indigenous people of North America live – “malisit”. This area was created in 1867 and is now a cultural and historical reserve.
15 km west of Fredericton is the city of Maktakuak, around which is the provincial park of the same name with a park area of 5.25 square meters. km. It was founded in the 60s of the 20th century. There are golf courses, campsites, 2 beaches, hiking trails and cross-country skiing trails. Not far away is the Crabe Mountain ski resort, where the largest elevation difference in the province is noted – 260 m. A little to the west in the settlement of Prince William, the historical site of Kings Landin is interesting, where, since the end of the 18th century, English loyalists who arrived in North America to fight the rebels during the American Revolutionary War settled. Kings Landin reproduces the spirit of village life in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Here are collected old buildings from all over the province, more than a dozen houses in total.
105 km south of Fredericton on the northern coast of the Bay of Fundy is the largest city in the province – Saint John . In Saint John, it is worth visiting the New Brunswick Museum and the waterfront with one of the oldest shopping centers in North America dating back to 1876. Twice a day in the city at the mouth of the St. John River, a world-famous unique phenomenon called Reversing Falls takes place.. The tidal forces of the Bay of Fundy “force” the waters of the St. John River to flow in the opposite direction: first, the flow of the river subsides, then stops, and then completely changes its direction. Rockwood Park is located in the vicinity of the city of Saint John – one of the largest municipal parks in Canada. It covers an area of 890 hectares. There are about 10 lakes with beaches where you can swim and sunbathe in the summer. The park also houses a zoo with about 35 species of exotic animals. Tours of the Bay of Fundy depart from Saint John
. The Bay of Fundy is known for having the highest tides in the world, reaching up to 16 m. It is a narrow bay 290 km long. 15 species of whales live in its waters, including humpback and blue whales, beluga whales and killer whales, and 34 species of birds have been recorded on the coasts. Over the millennia, tidal forces have formed bizarre formations with arches and caves from coastal rocks. They can be seen in The Rocks Provincial Park. Irvine Park is interesting in the vicinity of the city of St. John. It stretches along the coast of the Bay of Fundy for 11 km and covers an area of 243 hectares. The main protected area of the Bay of Fundy is the National Park of Fundy., which extends about 150 km east of St. John. The park covers an area of 207 sq. km and includes the coast and coastal mountainous areas of Caledonia, covered with forests. Not far from the Fundy National Park, 10 km southeast of the city of Sussex, is the Poly Mountain ski resort. It is one of the most popular ski resorts on the Atlantic coast of Canada. You can look at the coastal areas of the Bay of Fundy by driving along the toll Road of Fundy, which is laid along the western coast of the bay, or by walking the 41 km long Fundy trail. During your trip, visit Saint Stephen, home to the Chocolate Museum, housed in a chocolate factory opened by the Ganon brothers over 100 years ago, visit the city of St. Andrew and its Kingsbrae Gardens, where you can relax with the whole family.
8 km west of the border with the province of Nova Scotia on the eastern tip of the coast of the Bay of Fundy is the city of Sackville. In the heart of the city is the Sackville Waterfowl Sanctuary. The reserve was created on tidal marches with an area of 22 hectares. 3.5 km of hiking trails run along it, some of which are made in the form of wooden bridges and pass directly above the surface of the water. About 160 species of birds live in the reserve and there are about 200 species of plants.
45 km northwest of Sackville on the Petitkodiak River is the city of Moncton. Every year in September, the Atlantic Cuisine Festival takes place here, because the city is located on the narrow isthmus of Chignecto, which is surrounded by the waters of the Bay of Fundy and the Northumberland Strait. Moncton is home to Canada ‘s largest water park, Magic Mountain. The park was opened in 1987. Visitors are offered a wide variety of attractions from ordinary pools to the Kamikaze water slide, where daredevils descend at a speed of 16 m/s. In the vicinity of Moncton in the city of Diep, since 1990, the Crystal Palace amusement park has been operating, where you can practice a wide variety of extreme sports.
A few kilometers northeast of Moncton lies the coast of the Northumberland Sound, which is known for its beaches. The most popular and most equipped beach in this part of the country is parli beachlocated in the provincial park of the same name. On the beach there are showers, changing cabins, hotels and campsites, restaurants, volleyball and football grounds, an amphitheater, specially equipped picnic areas and parking. Parley Recreation Area was established in 1916. To this day, many tourists come here in the summer. Near Parley is the city of Shediak , known as the “capital of lobsters”. East along the coast, the Cape Jorimain Nature Reserve is interesting., which includes the two islands of Jorimain and Trenol. This is a great place for bird watching. In 1997, the 13-kilometer Confederate Bridge was built from Cape Jorimaine to Prince Edward Island, which is one of the longest in the world.
In the central part of the coast of the Northumberland Strait is the Kochibukak National Park. The park was established in 1969 to protect the ecosystems of sand dunes and marshes. In addition, here you can see small coastal islands, lagoons and forests. A little to the north is the mouth of the Miramichi River., which is known for its holiday homes and is one of the world’s most popular fishing spots for salmon and giant bass. In the northern part of the coast of the Northumberland Strait, one of the most picturesque bays in the world is located – Shaler Bay. Here, on the shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, many fishing villages, beaches and recreation areas are concentrated, which are surrounded by mountains. Hiking trails are laid in the mountainous regions and along the coast, traveling along which you can see a variety of birds, as well as get acquainted with the culture of the Acadians – the descendants of the first French settlers who developed the Acadia region (one of the first French colonies in North America). On the shore of Shaler Bay stands the city of Karaket, which is informally called the “capital of Acadia”. In the vicinity of the city, the historical Acadian village is interesting, recreating the life of a typical Acadian settlement of the late 18th – mid-19th centuries. About 40 buildings and more than 9,000 exhibits have been collected on the territory of the village, each of which has its own history. The old hotel Chateau Albert, where you can spend the night, was also reconstructed here.
Spurs of the Appalachian Mountains stretch from the northern coast of the province to its central regions. The starting point for traveling through the mountainous areas is the city of Campbellton, in the vicinity of which the Shugaloaf Provincial Park is located.. The park has 25 km of hiking trails and bike paths, campsites with volleyball and basketball courts and tennis courts. In winter, a ski resort begins to operate here.
The largest city in the northern part of the province is Edmundston . It is located a few kilometers from the border with the province of Quebec at the confluence of the Madawasca River with the Saint John River. It is the second city in North America in terms of the predominant Francophone population. In Edmundston , the New Brunswick Botanical Gardens with an area of 7 hectares, De la Republic Park, which is one of the most popular vacation spots in the province, and the British militaryFort Du Petit Soult, which was restored in 2000. Southeast of Edmundston, in the city of Grand Falls on the St. John River, are the most famous waterfalls in the province. The cascade of waterfalls stretches for 1.5 km around the city and has a total height of 70 m. The waterfalls are especially beautiful in spring.