Geography of Fulton County, Pennsylvania

Geography of Fulton County, Pennsylvania

Fulton County, situated in the south-central part of the state of Pennsylvania, USA, is a region known for its picturesque landscapes, rolling hills, and abundant natural resources. Spanning an area of approximately 438 square miles, the county offers a mix of rural countryside, wooded hillsides, and fertile valleys. In this comprehensive overview, we will explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other notable features that define Fulton County. Check acronymmonster to learn more about the state of Pennsylvania.


Fulton County is bordered by the counties of Bedford to the north, Franklin to the east, and Huntingdon to the west. The county’s southern border is shared with the state of Maryland. The county seat and largest town is McConnellsburg, while other significant communities include Needmore, Hustontown, and Warfordsburg.

The topography of Fulton County is characterized by its rolling hills, valleys, and ridges, with elevations ranging from around 500 feet in the valleys to over 2,000 feet in the ridges. The county is part of the Appalachian Mountains region and is intersected by several major transportation routes, including US Route 30 and Interstate 70.


Fulton County experiences a humid continental climate, with four distinct seasons characterized by hot summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation throughout the year. The region’s climate is influenced by its inland location and the prevailing weather patterns of the northeastern United States.

Summer temperatures in Fulton County typically range from the 70s to 80s°F (21-27°C) during the day, with occasional heatwaves bringing temperatures into the 90s°F (32°C) or higher. Humidity levels are moderate during the summer months, making outdoor activities enjoyable.

Winter temperatures in Fulton County typically range from the 20s to 30s°F (-6 to -1°C) during the day, with colder temperatures at night. Snowfall is common during the winter months, with an average annual snowfall of around 30 inches, creating opportunities for winter sports such as skiing and snowboarding.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons in Fulton County, with temperatures gradually warming in the spring and cooling in the fall. These seasons are favored by residents and visitors alike for outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, and enjoying the county’s scenic beauty.

Rivers and Lakes:

Fulton County is intersected by several creeks, streams, and rivers, which play important roles in the region’s ecology, economy, and recreational activities.

The Juniata River is one of the major rivers in Fulton County, flowing from north to south through the eastern part of the county. The river provides opportunities for fishing, boating, and water sports, as well as scenic views and wildlife habitat along its banks.

The Licking Creek is another significant waterway in Fulton County, flowing from west to east through the central part of the county. The creek offers opportunities for fishing, canoeing, and kayaking, as well as hiking along its scenic banks.

In addition to its rivers and streams, Fulton County is home to several small lakes and reservoirs, including Cowans Gap Lake and Little Aughwick Creek Reservoir. These bodies of water provide opportunities for fishing, boating, swimming, and picnicking, attracting residents and visitors alike to their shores.

Natural Features:

In addition to its rivers and lakes, Fulton County is known for its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities, including parks, forests, and hiking trails.

Cowans Gap State Park, located in the southern part of Fulton County, is a scenic park that features a large lake, wooded trails, and scenic overlooks. The park offers opportunities for camping, picnicking, swimming, and hiking, as well as fishing and boating on the lake.

The Buchanan State Forest, located in the western part of Fulton County, is a protected area that encompasses over 75,000 acres of forests, mountains, and wildlife habitat. The forest offers a wide range of outdoor activities, including hiking, hunting, fishing, and camping, as well as wildlife viewing and nature study.

The Appalachian Trail, a famous long-distance hiking trail that stretches from Georgia to Maine, passes through Fulton County along its route. Hikers can enjoy scenic views, diverse wildlife, and challenging terrain as they traverse the county’s portion of the trail.


Fulton County, Pennsylvania, offers a diverse and scenic landscape characterized by its rolling hills, valleys, and waterways. From its historic towns and cultural landmarks to its natural beauty and outdoor recreational opportunities, the county has much to offer residents and visitors alike. As stewards of this remarkable landscape, residents and local organizations are committed to preserving and protecting Fulton County for future generations to enjoy. Through conservation efforts, sustainable development, and responsible stewardship of natural resources, Fulton County will continue to thrive as a vibrant and cherished part of Pennsylvania’s Appalachian region.