Climate of Norfolk, Nebraska

Norfolk, Nebraska, is a vibrant city located in the northeastern part of the state. Nestled in the Elkhorn River Valley, Norfolk serves as the county seat of Madison County and is known for its agricultural roots, community spirit, and a mix of urban and rural landscapes. To gain a comprehensive understanding of the weather and climate of Norfolk, it is crucial to explore its seasonal variations, precipitation patterns, temperature ranges, and the influence of its geographical location.

Geography and Location:

According to Citiesplustowns, Norfolk is situated in the Elkhorn River Valley, surrounded by the rolling hills of northeastern Nebraska. The city is located approximately 115 miles northwest of Omaha, the largest city in the state. The Elkhorn River, a tributary of the Platte River, flows near Norfolk, contributing to the city’s geographical character.

Climate Classification:

Norfolk falls under the classification of a humid continental climate. This climate type is characterized by four distinct seasons, with warm to hot summers, cold winters, and noticeable variations in temperature between seasons. The absence of significant geographic features like large bodies of water or mountains means that Norfolk experiences more extreme temperature fluctuations.


  1. Spring:

Spring in Norfolk typically begins in March and extends through May. During this season, the city experiences a gradual warming, with average temperatures ranging from the 30s°F (around 0°C) in March to the 50s and 60s°F (10–20°C) in May. Spring is marked by the awakening of nature, with the blooming of trees and the return of migratory birds.

  1. Summer:

Norfolk’s summers, from June to August, are warm to hot. Average temperatures range from the 70s°F (21–26°C) in June to the 80s and occasionally 90s°F (27–37°C) in July and August. The longer daylight hours provide ample time for outdoor activities, agricultural work, and community events. Thunderstorms are relatively common during the summer months.

  1. Autumn:

Fall in Norfolk, spanning from September to November, is characterized by gradually cooling temperatures and the changing of foliage. Average temperatures range from the 60s°F (15–21°C) in September to the 40s°F (4–9°C) in November. Fall foliage becomes a prominent feature, and residents often engage in outdoor activities to enjoy the crisp air and vibrant colors.

  1. Winter:

Winters in Norfolk, from December to February, are cold. Average temperatures range from the 20s°F (-6 to -1°C), with occasional drops below freezing. Snowfall is common during the winter months, and the city experiences a winter landscape with a blanket of snow covering the ground. Winter activities, such as snowmobiling and ice fishing, are popular in the region.


Norfolk receives a moderate amount of precipitation throughout the year, with an average annual rainfall of about 27 inches (686 mm). Precipitation is relatively evenly distributed across the seasons, with slightly higher amounts during the summer months. Snowfall contributes significantly to the city’s precipitation in winter, and the Elkhorn River Valley may enhance snowfall due to orographic lift.

Influence of Geographic Features:

The Elkhorn River Valley and the surrounding hills influence Norfolk’s climate. While the city is not located near large bodies of water, the river and the topography contribute to local weather patterns. The river valley can enhance orographic lift, influencing precipitation, especially snowfall, in the area. The surrounding hills may provide some protection against extreme weather events.


Norfolk may exhibit microclimates within its boundaries due to variations in elevation, proximity to water bodies, and urban versus rural settings. Areas near the Elkhorn River or low-lying regions may experience slightly different temperature and humidity levels compared to higher elevations or more urbanized sections of the city. These microclimatic variations contribute to the diversity of experiences within Norfolk.

Agriculture and Climate:

Norfolk’s economy and culture have strong ties to agriculture, and the climate plays a crucial role in shaping the region’s agricultural practices. The growing season, influenced by the timing of frost and warmer temperatures, impacts crop cultivation and harvest schedules. The city’s residents often rely on weather patterns for planning and managing agricultural activities.

Climate Change Considerations:

Norfolk, like many communities worldwide, faces considerations related to climate change. Changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, and the potential for more extreme weather events are areas of concern. The city may be engaged in climate resilience planning, focusing on sustainable agricultural practices, water management, and infrastructure improvements to address these challenges.


Norfolk, Nebraska, boasts a humid continental climate characterized by its four distinct seasons. With warm summers, vibrant autumns, snowy winters, and a strong connection to agriculture, Norfolk offers residents a diverse range of experiences throughout the year. The city’s geographical location in the Elkhorn River Valley, surrounded by rolling hills, contributes to its unique climate and plays a significant role in shaping the lifestyle and culture of those who call Norfolk home. As Norfolk continues to evolve, its climate remains a defining aspect, influencing the daily lives and activities of its residents.

Norfolk, Nebraska